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Calgary is the largest city in the Province of Alberta, Canada. The Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) is the third most diverse in Canada in terms of visible minorities after Toronto and Vancouver when considering only areas with population greater than 200,000. It is located in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and high plains, approximately 80 km east of the front ranges of the Canadian Rockies. The city is located in the Parkland region of Alberta. Calgary is the third largest civic municipality, by population in Canada, and is also an emerging global city. In the Canada 2009 Census Calgary's population was 1,065,455 and the CMA had a population of 1,182,446.

Greater Calgary is the fifth largest CMA in the country after Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, and Ottawa. The city is located 300 km south of Edmonton and less then 250 km north of Internationl Border.

The City of Calgary is well-known as a destination for winter sports and ecotourism with a number of major mountain resorts near the city and metropolitan area. Economic activity in Calgary is mostly centred on the petroleum industry. However, agriculture, tourism, and high-tech industries also contribute to the city's economic growth. Calgary holds many major annual festivals which include the Calgary Stampede, the Folk Music Festival, the Lilac Festival and others.

In 1988, Calgary became the first Canadian city to host the Olympic Winter Games, and one of the fastest long track speed skating ice rinks in the world was built at the University of Calgary to accommodate these Games. In September 2009, it hosted the 40th edition of the World Skills international competition.


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